The USD has been a on a slippery path over recent weeks, weighed down by adverse interest rate differentials despite improving US economic data. Adding to the run of encouraging US data releases the February jobs report revealed a 192k increase in jobs and a drop in the unemployment rate to 8.9%.
In particular the Fed’s dovish tone highlights that whilst asset purchases under QE2 will stop at the end of June, the failure to hit the Fed’s dual mandate of maximum employment and stable prices, implies that the Fed Funds rate will not be hiked for a long while yet. This dovish slant has undermined the USD to the extent that USD speculative positioning as reflected in the CFTC IMM data dropped to all time low in the week to 1 March. There is certainly plenty of scope for short-covering but the market is no mood to buy the USD yet.
This week’s releases will provide less direction, with a slight widening in the trade deficit likely in January, a healthy gain in February retail sales and a small drop in the preliminary reading of March Michigan sentiment.
In contrast, even the generally hawkish market expectations for the European Central Bank (ECB) proved too timid at last week’s Council meeting as Trichet & Co. strongly implied via “strong vigilance” that the refi rate would be hiked by 25bps in April. EUR/USD lurched higher after the ECB bombshell breaking the psychologically important 1.4000 barrier but appeared to lose some momentum at this level. Should EUR/USD sustain a break of 1.4000, the next level of resistance is at 1.4281 (November high), with support seen around 1.3747.
The lack of major eurozone data releases this week, with only industrial production data in Germany and France of interest, suggests that EUR may consolidate over the short-term with the main interest on the informal Heads of State meeting at the end of the week to determine whether credible plans can be drawn up to restore confidence in the periphery.
This week it is the turn of the Bank of England (BoE) to decide on monetary policy but unlike the ECB we do not expect any surprises with an unchanged decision likely. Further clues will only be available in the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) minutes on 23 March. However, markets may be nervous given that it could feasibly only take another two voters aside from the three hawkish dissenters last month, to result in a policy rate hike. Notably one possible hawkish dissenter, Charles Bean did not sound overly keen on higher rates in a speech last week, a factor that weighed on GBP alongside some weaker service sector Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) data.
UK manufacturing data will be the main data highlight of the calendar but this will be overshadowed by the BoE meeting. GBP/USD could continue to lag the EUR and given a generally bullish EUR backdrop, our preferred method of playing GBP downside remains via a long EUR/GBP position.