The USD has come under growing pressure ahead of tommorow’s Fed FOMC decision. While by no means a done deal the majority of market participants are looking for the Fed to embark on a fresh round of quantitative easing or QE3. The Fed is also expected to shift its guidance to maintaining highly accommodative monetary policy into 2015 from 2014. There is a non-negligible risk of no action at the FOMC meeting which if correct will result in market disappointment, with an attendant sell off in risks assets.
Heading into the Fed meeting, comments by Republican House speaker Boehner that he was ‘not confident’ about reaching a deal with President Obama on avoiding the fiscal cliff as well as renewed warnings by Moodys ratings on the US AAA credit ratings, dealt the USD a further blow. It seems unlikely that the USD will be able to make much of a recovery if the Fed pulls the trigger for more QE. However, it should be noted that with so much in the price, should the Fed not deliver on expectations, the USD may actually bounce.
One currency that has felt the consequences of a weaker USD has been the JPY, which finally broke through the 78.00 level against the USD yesterday. A stronger JPY was greeted with plenty of disquiet in Japan (I’m in Tokyo this week) at a time when economic indicators are turning south. The fact that both the European Central Bank and the Fed are outpacing the Bank of Japan in terms of balance sheet expansion means that any JPY weakness is likely to be limited, with further upside risks to the currency prevailing.
Much will depend on the impact on US Treasury yields from Fed QE. Currently Japanese investors are disinclined to pour money overseas at a time when the yield advantage of US Treasuries or German bunds versus Japanese JGBs is limited. If US yields remain low, the prospects for further JPY weakness will also be limited while the pressure on the Japanese authorities to act to meet their 1% inflation goal and weaken the JPY will grow.