There has been a definitive turnaround in risk sentiment this week, with equities rallying and bonds falling. Whether it can be sustained is another question. I think it will be short-lived.
Markets are pinning their hopes on trade talks which have been agreed be US and Chinese officials to take place in October. These would be the first official talks since July and follow an intensification of tariffs over recent weeks. However, talks previously broke up due to a lack of progress on various structural issues and there is no guarantee that anything would be different this time around. Nonetheless, such hopes may be sufficient to keep market sentiment buoyed in the short term.
Data overnight was bullish for risk sentiment, with the US August ADP employment report revealing private sector gains of +195k, which was higher than expected. The US ISM non-manufacturing index was also stronger than expected, rising to 56.4 in August from 53.7 previously. This contrasted with the slide in the manufacturing PMI, which slipped in contraction below 50, reported earlier this week. The data sets up for a positive outcome for the US August jobs report to be released later today, where the consensus (Bloomberg) is for a 160k increase in payrolls and for the unemployment rate to remain at 3.7%.
As risk appetite has improved the US dollar has come under pressure, falling from its recent highs. Nonetheless, the dollar remains at over two year highs despite speculation that the US authorities are on the verge of embarking on intervention to weaken the currency. While I think such intervention is still very unlikely given that it would do little to change the factors driving the dollar higher, chatter about potential intervention may still keep dollar bulls wary. While intervention is a risk, I don’t think this stop the USD from moving even higher in the weeks ahead.
Conversely China’s currency, the renminbi has reversed some of its recent losses, but this looks like a temporary retracement rather than a change in trend. China’s economy continues to weaken as reflected in a series of weaker data releases and a weaker currency is still an effective way to alleviate some of the pressure on Chinese exporters. As long as the pace of decline is not too rapid and does incite a sharp increase in capital outflows, I expect the renminbi to continue to weaken.