GBP losing ground

The Bank of England is set to keep policy rates and asset purchases unchanged today This will offer little comfort to GBP following its recent falls from its highs around 1.6669 versus USD. GBP has also lost ground against the EUR but this is unlikely to persist. GPB was not helped by the lower than expected purchasing managers index (PMI) manufacturing survey in January although confidence in the manufacturing sector remains at a high level.

In the wake of a quicker decline in the unemployment rate than expected (the unemployment rate fell to 7.1% in the three months through November) the BoE is faced with the risk that their current forward guidance proves inappropriate. The BoE has set a rate of 7% at which it would consider raising policy rates and this could be hit very soon. Given that the BoE is highly unlikely to want to hike policy rates any time soon Governor Carney will need to allay concerns over the prospects of higher policy rates by altering its forward guidance.

Manufacturing and industrial production data tomorrow will give further direction, with healthy gains expected to provide some support to GBP. However, given that the policy meeting today is likely to prove to be a non event the Quarterly Inflation Report next week will quickly move into focus.

GBP/USD appears to be gravitating towards its 100 day moving average around 1.6252 but major technical support is seen around 1.6220.

Euro treads water ahead of ECB decision

EUR/USD has been treading water in a relatively tight range ahead of the European Central Bank meeting later today but the currency looks vulnerable to further slippage in the days ahead. Having dropped from its high around 1.3898 on 27 December the EUR has failed to sustain any bounce.

The ECB is unlikely to offer any support to the currency especially given that there is a small chance that they may even trim policy rates at today’s meeting. If the Bank does not cut rates today, the ECB is set to open the door to a cut in March, something that would undermine the EUR further.

Either way, the EUR is losing support and our quantitative models highlight the potential for further downside moves in the currency. Other measures such as short term interest rate differentials also highlight risks to EUR.

EUR/USD is set to edge lower to technical support around 1.3477 in the near term.

Attention turns to ECB and BoE

Ahead of two key central bank policy decisions by the European Central Bank and Bank of England where no change is expected as well as tomorrow’s release of the US jobs report, range trading is likely to dominate. Risk aversion measures remain elevated however, and further slippage by US stocks was recorded overnight.

The USD remained supported within ranges, helped by firmer US Treasury yields. Fed officials overnight showed little inclination to alter the pace of tapering despite the recent turmoil in emerging markets suggesting that emerging markets can expect little relief from the Fed.

Meanwhile, US data releases provided mixed signals, with the ADP private sector employment report (a key indicator for tomorrow’s non farm payrolls data) coming in below consensus at 175k in January (consensus 185k) while the US ISM non manufacturing survey (a survey of service sector participants) was slightly higher than consensus at 54.0 in the same month.

Aside from the policy rate decisions December US trade data and Q4 non farm productivity are on tap today although neither are likely to be big market movers.

AUD rallies on firm data

Australian retail sales rose 0.5% in December in line with expectations although the ex inflation quarterly increase was lower than forecast at 0.9%. However, there was a revision higher to the previous quarter. The bigger news is that the December trade balance came in much better than expected, recording a surplus of AUD 468 million compared to a deficit of AUD 200 million expected. Business confidence also came in strong rising to 8 in Q4 from an upwardly revised reading of 5 in Q3. The data bodes well for AUD, with the currency set to find further support in the short term. If anything, it also helps to validate the RBA’s message that the easing cycle is over. A break above AUD/USD 0.90 is now on the cards.

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