Oil prices jumped following drone attacks on Saudi Arabian oil facilities over the weekend. Oil rose by around 20% to just shy of $72, before halving its gain later. Even after failing to hold onto initial gains the rise in oil prices still marks one if its biggest one day gains. Concerns about reduced oil supply have risen as a result of the attacks as they could reduce Saudi oil production for a prolonged period, with around 5% of global oil supply impacted. Additionally the attacks could raise geopolitical tensions in the region.
As markets digest the impact of the drone attacks, there will also be several central bank decisions globally to focus on this week. The main event is the Fed FOMC meeting mid-week, where a 25bp cut is largely priced in by the market. Given that a rate cut is well flagged markets will pay close attention to the Fed’s summary of economic projections, in particular the Fed’s dot plot. It seems unlikely that Fed Chair Powell is going to sound too dovish, with little to suggest that the Fed is on path for a more aggressive easing path.
Another major central bank meeting this week is the Bank of Japan (BoJ) on Thursday. While a policy move by the BoJ at is unlikely this week BoJ policy makers have sounded more open to easing. A consumption tax hike planned for next month together with a strong JPY have increased the pressure for the BoJ to act. Separately easier policy from other major central banks amid slowing global growth are unlikely be ignored. However, policy is already ultra- easy and the BoJ remains cognisant of the adverse secondary impact of policy on Japanese Banks.
The Bank of England deliberates on policy this week too but it seems highly unlikely that they would adjust policy given all the uncertainties on how Brexit developments will pan out. Until there is some clarity, the BoE is likely to remain firmly on hold, with the base rate remaining at 0.75%. GBP has rallied over recent weeks as markets have stepped back from expectations of a hard Brexit, but this does not mean that a deal is any closer than it has been over the past months. Elsewhere the SNB in Switzerland and Norges Bank in Norway are also expected to keep policy rates on hold this week.
Several emerging markets central banks will also deliberate on policy this week including in Brazil, South Africa, Indonesia and Taiwan. The consensus (Bloomberg) expects a 50bp rate cut in Brazil, no change in South Africa and Taiwan and a 25bp rate cut in Indonesia. Overall many emerging markets continue to ease policy amid slowing growth, lower US policy rates and declining inflation pressures.