Unease about the economic toll of Covid-19 is starting to dent the rebound in equity markets. The disconnect between the strength of the rally in equities and the reality on the ground has become increasingly visible following recent earnings releases including from tech heavyweights Apple and Amazon, and dismal economic data which included sharp falls in US and Eurozone Q1 GDP data. Q2 will look even worse as most of the economic damage was inflicted in April, suggesting that the pain is just beginning.
Meanwhile geopolitical tensions between the US and China are adding another layer of pressure on markets, with US President Trump stating that he had seen strong evidence that Covid-19 originated from a laboratory in Wuhan. Trump’s comments have raised the spectre of a renewed trade war between the two countries at a time when in any case it was looking increasingly difficult for China to live up to its end of the agreement to purchase a substantial amount of US goods in the wake of a Phase 1 deal.
Some of the economic pain emanating from the shutdowns will be on show this week, with the US April jobs report likely to reveal a sharp rise in the jobless rate and massive decline in non-farm payrolls, with markets looking for an increase to around 16% and a drop of 22 million, respectively. Already jobless claims have risen to over 30 million, with the only silver lining being that the rate of increase in claims has declined over recent weeks. The extremely sharp deterioration in job market conditions threatens to weigh heavily on recovery.
The US dollar fell towards the end of March due in part to month end rebalancing (given US equity and bond market outperformance over the month), but also due to a general improvement in risk sentiment, reducing any safe have demand for dollars. If as is likely markets become increasingly nervous about the sustainability of the rally in risk assets, the USD is likely to move higher during the next few weeks. Even in an environment where global equities sell off, US assets are still better placed in terms of return potential than those elsewhere, implying US dollar outperformance.
In terms of data and events focus this will turn to the Bank of England and Reserve Bank of Australia policy meetings. Neither are likely to cut interest rates further, but the BoE could announced a further increase in asset purchases, while conversely the RBA is likely to maintain its asset purchases tapering path. Aside from the US jobs data noted above, the other piece of data globally that will be watched carefully is China’s April trade report. A weak outcome is likely for sure, but the extent of deterioration in exports and imports, will have very negative global consequences.