Market attention returns to China this week, with markets there opening after Chinese New Year Holidays. US/China trade talks will dominate attention, with China’s Vice Premier Lie Hu meeting with US Treasury Secretary Mnuchin and Trade Representative Lighthizer in Beijing. Tariffs are scheduled to be raised from 10% to 25% on $200bn worth of Chinese exports to the US on March 2. If talks do not succeed it will act as another blow to the world economy.
The fact that US President Trump has said that he won’t meet China’s President Xi Jinping before March 1 suggests elevated risks of a no deal though both sides. Moreover, US officials will be wary of being seen to give in to China given the broad based domestic support for a strong stance against China, suggesting that they will maintain a tough approach. Even so, there is a huge incentive to arrive at a deal of sorts even if structural issues are left on the back burner.
At a time of slowing global growth and heightened trade tensions China’s January trade report will also be scrutinised this week. Market expectations look for a sizeable 10.3% y/y drop in imports and a 3.3% y/y fall in exports. The risks on imports in particular are skewed to the downside given the weakness in exports data from some of China’s trading partners in the region including South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Vietnam. A weak outcome will result in a further intensification of concerns about China’s economy.
Another focal point is the direction of China’s currency (CNY). As trade talks continue this week it is likely that China maintains a relatively stronger currency stance via stronger CNY fixings versus USD and stronger trade weighted (CFETS CNY nominal effective exchange rate). As it is the CFETS index is currently around its highest level in 7 months. Of course, if trade talks fail this could easily reverse as China retaliates to an increase in US tariffs.